Laravel Service Provider

Using auth in laravel service provider. Ask Question Asked 5 years, 8 months ago. Active 5 years, 8 months ago. Viewed 4k times 2. Service providers are the central place of all Laravel application bootstrapping. Your own application, as well as all of Laravel's core services are bootstrapped via.

In this article, we’re going to discuss How to Use Laravel Service Provider in detail. In the course of this article, I’ll also demonstrate how to create a custom service provider in Laravel. Once you create a service provider, you also need to register it with the Laravel application in order to actually use it, so we’ll go through that as well.

How to Use Laravel Service Provider

There are two important methods, boot, and register, that your service provider may implement, and in the last segment of this article, we’ll discuss these two methods thoroughly.

What Is a Service Provider?

If the service container is something that allows you to define bindings and inject dependencies, then the service provider is the place where it happens.

Provider

Service providers are the central place of all Laravel application bootstrapping. Your own application, as well as all of Laravel’s core services, are bootstrapped via service providers.

But, what do we mean by “bootstrapped”? In general, we mean registering things, including registering service container bindings, event listeners, middleware, and even routes. Service providers are the central place to configure your application.

Laravel Service Provider

Let’s have a quick look at one of the core service providers to understand what it does. Go ahead and open the vender/laravel/framework/src/Illuminate/Cache/CacheServiceProvider.php file.

The important thing to note here is the register method, which allows you to define service container bindings. As you can see, there are three bindings for the cache, cache.store and memcached.connector services.

Create Your Service Provider

And that should create the file ProgrammingPotServiceProvider.php under the app/Providers directory. Open the file to see what it holds.

Register Service Provider

To register your service provider, you just need to add an entry to the array of service providers in the config/app.php file.

And that’s it! You’ve registered your service provider with Laravel’s scheme of things! But the service provider we’ve created is almost a blank template and of no use at the moment. In the next section, we’ll go through a couple of practical examples to see what you could do with the register and boot methods.

Go Through the Register and Boot Methods

So, what if we need to register a view composer within our service provider? This should be donewithin the boot method. This method is called after all other service providers have been registered, meaning you have access to all other services that have been registered by the framework:

  • Introduction
  • Running SQL Queries

Introduction

Almost every modern web application interacts with a database. Laravel makes interacting with databases extremely simple across a variety of supported databases using raw SQL, a fluent query builder, and the Eloquent ORM. Currently, Laravel provides first-party support for four databases:

  • MySQL 5.7+ (Version Policy)
  • PostgreSQL 9.6+ (Version Policy)
  • SQLite 3.8.8+
  • SQL Server 2017+ (Version Policy)

Configuration

The configuration for Laravel's database services is located in your application's config/database.php configuration file. In this file, you may define all of your database connections, as well as specify which connection should be used by default. Most of the configuration options within this file are driven by the values of your application's environment variables. Examples for most of Laravel's supported database systems are provided in this file.

By default, Laravel's sample environment configuration is ready to use with Laravel Sail, which is a Docker configuration for developing Laravel applications on your local machine. However, you are free to modify your database configuration as needed for your local database.

SQLite Configuration

SQLite databases are contained within a single file on your filesystem. You can create a new SQLite database using the touch command in your terminal: touch database/database.sqlite. After the database has been created, you may easily configure your environment variables to point to this database by placing the absolute path to the database in the DB_DATABASE environment variable:

To enable foreign key constraints for SQLite connections, you should set the DB_FOREIGN_KEYS environment variable to true:

Microsoft SQL Server Configuration

To use a Microsoft SQL Server database, you should ensure that you have the sqlsrv and pdo_sqlsrv PHP extensions installed as well as any dependencies they may require such as the Microsoft SQL ODBC driver.

Configuration Using URLs

Typically, database connections are configured using multiple configuration values such as host, database, username, password, etc. Each of these configuration values has its own corresponding environment variable. This means that when configuring your database connection information on a production server, you need to manage several environment variables.

Some managed database providers such as AWS and Heroku provide a single database 'URL' that contains all of the connection information for the database in a single string. An example database URL may look something like the following:

These URLs typically follow a standard schema convention:

For convenience, Laravel supports these URLs as an alternative to configuring your database with multiple configuration options. If the url (or corresponding DATABASE_URL environment variable) configuration option is present, it will be used to extract the database connection and credential information.

Read & Write Connections

Sometimes you may wish to use one database connection for SELECT statements, and another for INSERT, UPDATE, and DELETE statements. Laravel makes this a breeze, and the proper connections will always be used whether you are using raw queries, the query builder, or the Eloquent ORM.

To see how read / write connections should be configured, let's look at this example:

Note that three keys have been added to the configuration array: read, write and sticky. The read and write keys have array values containing a single key: host. The rest of the database options for the read and write connections will be merged from the main mysql configuration array.

You only need to place items in the read and write arrays if you wish to override the values from the main mysql array. So, in this case, 192.168.1.1 will be used as the host for the 'read' connection, while 192.168.1.3 will be used for the 'write' connection. The database credentials, prefix, character set, and all other options in the main mysql array will be shared across both connections. When multiple values exist in the host configuration array, a database host will be randomly chosen for each request.

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The sticky Option

The sticky option is an optional value that can be used to allow the immediate reading of records that have been written to the database during the current request cycle. If the sticky option is enabled and a 'write' operation has been performed against the database during the current request cycle, any further 'read' operations will use the 'write' connection. This ensures that any data written during the request cycle can be immediately read back from the database during that same request. It is up to you to decide if this is the desired behavior for your application.

Running SQL Queries

Once you have configured your database connection, you may run queries using the DB facade. The DB facade provides methods for each type of query: select, update, insert, delete, and statement.

Running A Select Query

To run a basic SELECT query, you may use the select method on the DB facade:

The first argument passed to the select method is the SQL query, while the second argument is any parameter bindings that need to be bound to the query. Typically, these are the values of the where clause constraints. Parameter binding provides protection against SQL injection.

The select method will always return an array of results. Each result within the array will be a PHP stdClass object representing a record from the database:

Using Named Bindings

Instead of using ? to represent your parameter bindings, you may execute a query using named bindings:

Running An Insert Statement

To execute an insert statement, you may use the insert method on the DB facade. Like select, this method accepts the SQL query as its first argument and bindings as its second argument:

Running An Update Statement

The update method should be used to update existing records in the database. The number of rows affected by the statement is returned by the method:

Running A Delete Statement

The delete method should be used to delete records from the database. Like update, the number of rows affected will be returned by the method:

Running A General Statement

Some database statements do not return any value. For these types of operations, you may use the statement method on the DB facade:

Running An Unprepared Statement

Sometimes you may want to execute an SQL statement without binding any values. You may use the DB facade's unprepared method to accomplish this:

{note} Since unprepared statements do not bind parameters, they may be vulnerable to SQL injection. You should never allow user controlled values within an unprepared statement.

Implicit Commits

When using the DB facade's statement and unprepared methods within transactions you must be careful to avoid statements that cause implicit commits. Vogue makeup artist salary. These statements will cause the database engine to indirectly commit the entire transaction, leaving Laravel unaware of the database's transaction level. An example of such a statement is creating a database table:

Please refer to the MySQL manual for a list of all statements that trigger implicit commits.

Using Multiple Database Connections

If your application defines multiple connections in your config/database.php configuration file, you may access each connection via the connection method provided by the DB facade. The connection name passed to the connection method should correspond to one of the connections listed in your config/database.php configuration file or configured at runtime using the config helper:

You may access the raw, underlying PDO instance of a connection using the getPdo method on a connection instance:

Listening For Query Events

If you would like to specify a closure that is invoked for each SQL query executed by your application, you may use the DB facade's listen method. This method can be useful for logging queries or debugging. You may register your query listener closure in the boot method of a service provider:

Database Transactions

You may use the transaction method provided by the DB facade to run a set of operations within a database transaction. If an exception is thrown within the transaction closure, the transaction will automatically be rolled back. If the closure executes successfully, the transaction will automatically be committed. You don't need to worry about manually rolling back or committing while using the transaction method:

Handling Deadlocks

The transaction method accepts an optional second argument which defines the number of times a transaction should be retried when a deadlock occurs. Once these attempts have been exhausted, an exception will be thrown:

Manually Using Transactions

If you would like to begin a transaction manually and have complete control over rollbacks and commits, you may use the beginTransaction method provided by the DB facade:

You can rollback the transaction via the rollBack method:

Lastly, you can commit a transaction via the commit method:

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{tip} The DB facade's transaction methods control the transactions for both the query builder and Eloquent ORM.

Connecting To The Database CLI

If you would like to connect to your database's CLI, you may use the db Artisan command:

If needed, you may specify a database connection name to connect to a database connection that is not the default connection: