Met Gala Cubism And Fashion
Ever since about 1700, there had been a continuing interest in Oriental design and culture in western Europe. Japanese blue and white porcelain was already reproduced across the Continent, notably at the Meissen works in Germany, and the Chantilly factory in France. Japanese ceramic art, too, was quite influential in Europe by the early 18th century, as was Japanese lacquer. At the same time, specialist collectors were already importing highly refined, classical Japanese paintings (yamato-e), from the Kamakura and Muromachi Shogunates (1185-1573), as well as the early period of the Tokugawa Shogunate (c.1600-1850). Thus by the 19th century, Japanese works of both fine art and applied art were becoming available in ever increasing quantities. (For other Far Eastern fashions, see: Chinoiserie and Chinese Art.)
Short-lived but highly influential, Cubism instigated a whole new style of abstract art and had a significant impact the development of later styles such as: Orphism (1910-13), Collage (1912 onwards), Purism (1920s), Precisionism (1920s, 1930s), Futurism (1909-1914), Rayonism (c.1912-14), Suprematism (1913-1918), Constructivism (c.1919-32. Cubism and Fashion — an exhibition demonstrating how the fundamental traits of Cubism in art have been translated into fashion — will open in The Costume Institute of The Metropolitan Museum of Art on December 10, 1998. The examples on display will range from the beginnings of Cubism. 'Cubism and Fashion demonstrates for the first time how the fundamental traits of Cubist art were translated into fashion during the critical years from 1908 into the early 1920s and how Cubism has continued to influence designers even to the present. This volume, by juxtaposing art and fashion, shows how many of the most glittering and elegant.
Cubism And Fashion
This growth in cultural contacts with Japan was given a major boost during the period 1848-1854, as a series of new treaty obligations forced Japan to commence trading with Europe and America thus putting an end to 200 years of national isolation. By 1852, The Museum of Ornamental Art in London (now the Victoria & Albert Museum) already had an extensive collection of Japanese works of art, while a series of exhibitions (London 1851, Dublin 1853, Edinburgh 1856 and 1857, Manchester 1857, and Bristol 1861) introduced Japanese art to the general public, culminating in the 1862 International Exhibition in London - one of the most important and influential showcases in the history of oriental art in the West. This was followed in 1867 by the Exposition Universelle (World Fair) in Paris, which included a Japanese pavilion for the first time. A year later, a revolution in Japan returns the Meiji Emperor to power and adds a further stimulus to trade with the West. In 1878, another World Fair in Paris provides yet more opportunities to exhibit new artworks from Japan.
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